Imec und EVG demonstrieren erstmals eine Pitch-Overlay-Genauigkeit von 1.8 µm beim Waferbonden  

Der Durchbruch macht den Weg hin zu Multilayer 3D-ICs mit High-Density-Interconnects frei, die durch automatische Wafer-to-Wafer Bonding-Technologie ermöglicht werden

Leuven (Belgien) - 19. Jan. 2017 - Zum European 3D Summit 2017 in Grenoble (Frankreich, 23-25 Januar), kündigen imec, ein weltweit führendes Forschungs- und Innovationszentrum für die Nanoelektronik und digitale Technologien und EV Group (EVG), ein führender Hersteller von Waferbonding-Equipment, die Ausweitung ihrer erfolgreichen Zusammenarbeit an. Gleichzeitig werden herausragende Ergebnisse veröffentlicht, die beim Wafer-to-Wafer Alignment erzielt wurden. Über eine Entwicklungsvereinbarung, in deren Rahmen beide Seiten an der weiteren Erhöhung der Overlay-Genauigkeit beim Wafer-to-Wafer Bonding arbeiten wollen, wird EVG ein Partner in imecs 3D Integration Program.

Wafer-to-wafer bonding is a promising technique for enabling high-density integration of future ICs through three-dimensional (3D) integration. This is achieved by aligning top and bottom wafers that are then bonded, thus creating a stacked IC. An important advantage is that wafers/ICs with different technologies can be stacked, e.g. memory and processor ICs.


Many of the alignment techniques and bonding methods for 3D integration have evolved from microelectromechanical system (MEMS) fabrication methods. The fundamental difference between MEMS and 3D integration is that the alignment or overlay accuracy has to be improved by 5-10 times. Accurate overlay is needed to align the bonding pads of the stacked wafers and it is essential to achieving a high yield with wafer-to-wafer bonding. Imec and EVG have realized excellent results on overlay accuracy.

Firstly, the hybrid (via-middle) wafer-to-wafer bonding technique was improved by using EVG's high quality bonding system with beyond state-of-the-art integration definition of bonding pads, resulting in a high yield and a 1.8µm pitch, which is significantly better compared to recently published results at recognized conferences such as ECTC and 3DIC reporting 3.6µm pad size.

Secondly, the dielectric (via-last) wafer-to-wafer bonding technique was tackled. This technique requires extremely good overlay accuracy to align the copper pads from both wafers, which are then contacted by through-silicon vias (TSVs). In this case, 300nm overlay across the wafer was achieved.

"By joining forces, we achieved these excellent results on overlay accuracy," explains Eric Beyne, fellow at imec. "We are excited that we can expand our collaboration with EVG with a JDP and the installation of EVG's GEMINI FB XT wafer bonder in our cleanroom. The GEMINI FB XT has the potential to further reduce the wafer-to-wafer overlay errors and therefore allow for the development of sub-micron wafer-to-wafer interconnect technologies."

"Further improving the overlay accuracy for wafer-to-wafer bonding into the sub-200nm range requires optimization of the interaction between the wafer bonding tool and processes as well as pre-and post-processing and the wafer material," explains Markus Wimplinger, corporate technology development & IP director at EVG. "We are excited to partner with imec in an effort to advance overlay accuracies for wafer-to-wafer bonding to meet the needs of future 3D IC designs that rely on high density interconnects"

Imec's 3D integration program explores technology options to define innovative solutions for cost-effective realization of 3D interconnect with TSVs. Imec's 3D integration processes are completely executed on 300mm. Imec also explores 3D design to propose methodologies for critical design issues, enabling effective use of 3D interconnection on system level.


About imec
Imec is the world-leading research and innovation hub in nano-electronics and digital technologies. The combination of our widely acclaimed leadership in microchip technology and profound software and ICT expertise is what makes us unique. By leveraging our world-class infrastructure and local and global ecosystem of partners across a multitude of industries, we create groundbreaking innovation in application domains such as healthcare, smart cities and mobility, logistics and manufacturing, and energy.

As a trusted partner for companies, start-ups and universities we bring together close to 3,500 brilliant minds from over 70 nationalities. Imec is headquartered in Leuven, Belgium and also has distributed R&D groups at a number of Flemish universities, in the Netherlands, Taiwan, USA, China, and offices in India and Japan. In 2015, imec's revenue (P&L) totaled 415 million euro and of iMinds which is integrated in imec as of September 21, 2016 52 million euro. Further information on imec can be found at

Imec is a partner in EnergyVille ( EnergyVille is an association of the Flemish research centers KU Leuven, UHasselt, vito and imec in the field of sustainable energy and intelligent energy systems.
Imec is a registered trademark for the activities of IMEC International (a legal entity set up under Belgian law as a "stichting van openbaar nut"), imec Belgium (IMEC vzw supported by the Flemish Government), imec the Netherlands (Stichting IMEC Nederland, part of Holst Centre which is supported by the Dutch Government), imec Taiwan (IMEC Taiwan Co.) and imec China (IMEC Microelectronics (Shanghai) Co. Ltd.) and imec India (Imec India Private Limited), imec Florida (IMEC USA nanoelectronics design center).

About EV Group (EVG)
EV Group (EVG) is a leading supplier of equipment and process solutions for the manufacture of semiconductors, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), compound semiconductors, power devices and nanotechnology devices. Key products include wafer bonding, thin-wafer processing, lithography/nanoimprint lithography (NIL) and metrology equipment, as well as photoresist coaters, cleaners and inspection systems. Founded in 1980, EV Group services and supports an elaborate network of global customers and partners all over the world. More information about EVG is available at

Press Contacts:

imec: Hanne Degans, press officer and communications specialist; Tel: +32 16 28 17 69; email:

EV Group: Clemens Schütte, director marketing and communications; Tel: +43 7712 5311 0; email: E-mail:

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